Environmental incomes and rural livelihoods : a global-comparative assessment
Various case studies have suggested that environmental incomes from forests and other vegetation types are important for rural households in developing countries. However, in most large-scale household surveys these income sources are either underreported or ignored, hence there has been a lack of evidence to support the wider applicability of that claim. This paper reports data from the Poverty Environment Network (PEN), which has gathered comparable income data from about 8,000 households in 360 villages and 58 sites, spread over 24 developing countries. The data collection involved a careful, quarterly recording of all forest and environmental uses, as well as other major income sources over one full year.
Angelsen, A.; Wunder, S.; Babigumira, R.; Belcher, B.; Börner, J.; Smith-Hall, C. Environmental incomes and rural livelihoods : a global-comparative assessment. Presented at Wye City Group on Rural Statistics and Agricultural Household Income global conference on agricultural and rural household statistics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 09 November 2011. (2011) 17 pp.