Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa
Although recent developments have increased interest in African land tenure, Rwanda’s nation-wide Land Tenure Regularization (LTR) program is one of a few models to address these issues at the required scale. A rigorous empirical analysis that is used to evaluate the pilot for this program highlights four main effects; namely, (i) significant and large investment impacts that are particularly pronounced for women; (ii) improved land access for legally married women and better recordation of inheritance rights; (iii) a reduction in the probability of having documented land ownership for legally unmarried women; and (iv) a reduction in land market activity rather than distress sales. The encouraging policy implications of the first two and the challenges as well as contextual understanding of the latter two are discussed.
Deininger, K.; Goldstein, M. Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa. The World Bank, Washington DC, USA (2012) 4 pp. [Case Study 73154]