People with disabilities in Mozambique, in general, enjoy extreme limited access to transport. More than half of all Mozambicans are captive to public transport, of which minibus-taxis and commuter buses are the main modes, especially in the major cities (Maputo and Beira). None of these operators have given much attention to the accessibility of their vehicles and facilities. A very small percentage of people with disabilities can afford private vehicles with adaptive devices. Accessible transport services are non-existing.
The aim of this report is to assess the extent and nature of current barriers to mobility and access experienced by people with disabilities in urban and peri-urban environment in Mozambique, taking as the study area the big Maputo (including the city of Maputo, Matola and surroundings). Opportunities for mobility interventions are identified and the local best practice with regard to addressing these barriers investigated.
In the opinion of some contacted people working in the disability sector, the disability movement is now starting to be heard, however, the political influence is still limited. Non-discrimination legislation in various arenas exists, including in transport and built environment arenas, but these are not always enforced.
Camba, J. Enhanced accessibility for disabled people in urban and peri-urban areas: country report - Mozambique. (2002)