This research aimed to examine the feasibility of reducing net
greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture in a low income country, above
all to see whether there are trade-offs between mitigating climate
change and reducing poverty and hunger. The study focused on Mozambique.
The study showed no trade off: indeed, the two aims could be
complementary thanks to two local circumstances. One, economic growth in
Mozambique during the last 15 or more years has been based too narrowly
on minerals and energy to create enough jobs to reduce poverty,
especially amongst the majority of the rural poor who are small farmers.
Two, the productivity of much small-scale agriculture is sufficiently
low that it is possible not only to reduce net emissions but also to
raise productivity with appropriate farming systems including those
that use elements of conservation agriculture and agro-forestry to
reduce emissions, capture carbon, and raise production.
Hence the study showed that modest investments in changing farming
systems would not only achieve environmental objectives, but also raise
rates of growth, create more jobs for poor people, and enhance food
Wiggins, S.; Chant, L.; McDonald, S.; Wright, J. Emissions, Mitigation and Low Carbon Growth the case of Mozambique agriculture. Overseas Development Institute (ODI), (2011) x + 70 pp.
Emissions, Mitigation and Low Carbon Growth the case of Mozambique agriculture