Peru’s ProJoven is an archetypical 1990s Latin American training
programme in that it effectively reached its target beneficiaries, was
demand-driven and engaged the private sector. A social programme of the
Ministry of Labour, ProJoven, provided short-term training for young
people from households living below the poverty line. Empirical evidence
shows that the programme has had positive impacts on several key
indicators, including employment rates and average wage, and in
particular amongst young women. This Case Study Brief provides an
analysis of the design, operating mechanisms and impacts of the ProJoven
programme in order to draw out key success factors that will be useful
for other regions.
Overall, ProJoven provides a successful model for tackling structural
unemployment which may especially affect middle- and low-skilled youth.
Targeting this disadvantaged group while promoting development of the
training market helped to improve connections between labour supply and
demand, producing benefits for society more broadly. Demand-driven
mechanisms - such as public calls for participants and training
institutes - can promote competitiveness and higher standards in the
Training programmes are not easy sells politically. Though rigorous
evaluation of Peru’s pilot programme provided evidence of positive
social returns, it was not been enough to push public officials to
approve full-scale implementation. This underscores the importance of
having a strategy to ‘sell’ the idea to politicians and public
ProJoven’s lessons on design and implementation suggest that effective
targeting requires both self-selection (short courses, for instance,
will not attract the well-off) and socio-economic assessment.
Furthermore, targeting poor female youth can help to reduce gender
segregation in the labour market.
Jaramillo, M. ELLA Policy Brief: Peru&#8217;s ProJoven Training Programme. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2013) 6 pp.