Experience from Latin America shows how community consultation can be an
important strategy used to manage conflict in Extractive Industries
activities. This Brief characterizes and analyses the different types of
local consultation seen in the region, focusing on the diverse actors
that lead the processes and providing illustrative examples of each. It
also describes the main factors that made consultations more widespread
in the region and that have improved their effectiveness. Finally, the
Brief draws out lessons that could be useful for other regions aiming to
establish or enhance their own community consultation processes.
Clear consultation rules and transparency in the process are vital
per-requisites if extractive industry consultations are to be effective.
Consultation processes need to be all-inclusive and participatory for
extractive projects to acquire social license and lead to legitimate
State monitoring and public scrutiny help to legitimize community
consultations in the eyes of local, national and international parties.
Damonte, G. ELLA Policy Brief: Managing Conflict Through Consultation: Latin America&#8217;s Experience. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2012) 6 pp.