Against a backdrop of inadequate disaster preparedness and repeated
humanitarian aid interventions, Latin American countries have driven
forward the institutionalisation and mainstreaming of Disaster Risk
Management (DRM) in public policy. Based on a systems approach, Latin
American governments are establishing coherent policy and regulatory
frameworks for DRM focused on improving coordination between public
institutions, harnessing and building expertise, modernising investment
systems and securing commitment and participation from multiple
stakeholders. This Brief begins by describing how approaches to DRM in
Latin America have evolved from purely responsive actions to broad
institutional reforms aimed at mainstreaming disaster prevention and
mitigating risk. It then provides an analysis of the main
characteristics of this systems approach, describing how it has
facilitated the institutionalisation of DRM into public policy in Latin
America and providing key examples from across the region. Finally, the
Brief describes the major contextual factors that have facilitated these
processes, identifies on-going challenges and offers lessons learned
that may be useful for other countries and regions.
DRM can be successfully integrated into the daily operations of existing
public institutions and can build on the comparative strengths and
capacities of different public, private and social actors.
Institutional reforms for DRM should be based on a comprehensive
understanding of the relationship between risk management and
Watanabe, M. ELLA Policy Brief: Institutionalising Disaster Risk Management: Latin America&#8217;s Systems Approach. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2013) 7 pp.