One of the worst characteristics of poverty is its tendency to
self-perpetuate, with poor families often being forced to under-invest
in their children's health and education. In Latin America, Conditional
Cash Transfer (CCT) programmes have been effective in ensuring higher
school attendance and greater health services use, both of which are
valuable inputs for human capital development and future productivity.
However, CCT evaluations have had a harder time identifying effects on
health and education impacts. This brief describes how Latin American
countries have used CCTs to improve health and education, the results
achieved, and lessons learned for improving health and education in
- CCTs have proven to be effective in increasing school attendance and
access to health services.
- However, it has been more difficult to identify improvements in
education and health outcomes and long-term impacts.
- Supply side interventions are important to assure that increasing
service use has an impact on education and health outcomes.
Jaramillo, M. ELLA Policy Brief: Improving Health and Education Through CCTs. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2011) 5 pp.