What progress has been achieved in Latin America in the struggle for
justice for women victims of sexual violence in contexts of conflict? In
what ways have judicial institutions and grassroots organisations in
Latin America learned from experiences in other regions of the world?
What are the key features of more integral approaches to access to
justice? This Brief responds to these questions by presenting three
different experiences from Colombia, Guatemala and Peru, where
innovations in research and documentation, development of legal
frameworks and victim support are helping to expose the magnitude and
impacts of gender violence on women during armed conflict. In turn, this
is paving the way for more appropriate prevention and redress measures
that restore dignity to women. This Brief also discusses the contextual
factors underpinning these Latin American approaches, as well as key
lessons that may be useful for other contexts.
Truth commissions and other institutional processes mandated to collect
evidence about crimes committed during armed conflicts require specific
methodologies that reveal the different forms of violence suffered by
specific population groups, including, but not limited to, women.
A gender approach to identifying the causes and consequences of violence
during armed conflicts transforms classic definitions of reparation, not
as a return to conditions prior to the human rights violations, but as a
transformation of those socio-cultural conditions which permit acts of
violence against women to continue.
Mora, M. ELLA Policy Brief: Access to Justice for Survivors of Sexual Violence in Conflicts: Three Latin American Approaches. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2013) 6 pp.