Mountains provide a broad range of environmental services including
water, energy, soils and biodiversity, and are of vital importance for
local populations as well as ecosystems and human populations at lower
altitudes. Climate change impacts in mountain ecosystems are therefore
affecting large geographic areas and millions of people worldwide. In
Latin America’s mountain ranges in Central America and the Andes,
strategies to build capacities for climate change adaptation have
generally been participative in nature and have aimed at improving
natural resource conservation, providing access to new technologies and
capturing traditional knowledge and practices. A strong focus has also
been on maintaining water resources and agrobiodiversity. This Guide
presents a range of experiences, publications and organisations from the
region, concluding with lessons that could prove useful to other
mountain regions of the world.
Water resource management is a key issue for mountain regions of Latin
America. Existing problems in water management, such as increasing
demand, unequal distribution and poor environmental practices, must be
tackled with approaches that build adaptive capacity to increasing
Strategies aimed at preserving and promoting agro-biodiversity
facilitate adaptation to climate change by improving food security
amongst rural mountain communities.
Traditional cultures provide a rich source of knowledge and technologies
that can facilitate adaptation to climate change and should be
incorporated adequately into decision-making processes.