The rapid expansion of extractive industries in Latin America is
transforming the societies and territories in which it is occurring.
This phenomenon has provoked social and environmental conflict,
especially involving the rural and indigenous communities that are most
immediately affected. How are Latin American countries seeking to
mitigate and avoid such conflicts? This Guide reviews the underlying
causes and actors involved in extractive industries conflict, then
analyses Latin American countries’ responses and policies in recent
years. It also assesses the contextual and other factors that have
enabled these policies to be implemented and draws out the main lessons
to be considered in other regions.
Participatory policies and mechanisms for fostering rural development
planning are key in conflict prevention.
Establishing a transparent dialogue and negotiation process is the only
way to maintain conflicts under control and reach socially sustainable
Latin American countries prove that conflict transformation is possible
in the extractive industries.
Damonte, G. ELLA Guide: Latin American Approaches to Extractive Industry Conflict. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2012) 14 pp.