In Latin America, as in Africa and Asia, 15-25% of the population lives
in semi-arid areas, mostly in small isolated rural communities that are
often the most severely affected by, yet least equipped to cope with,
the impacts of climate change. Strategies employed to build adaptive
capacity in Brazil’s semi-arid areas focused on improved water supply,
management and use, while at the same time promoting access to
technology and improved production techniques, all with a focus on
knowledge sharing and multi-level collaboration. The lessons from
Brazil’s response will be useful for policymakers and community
organisations in other semi-arid regions.
- Brazil's successes were underpinned by integrating government
policies and incentives, NGO projects and community participatory
development (adaptation across scales).
- Improving water access is insufficient without building capacity,
introducing technology and providing technical assistance to enable
communities to put water to its most productive use.
Cesano, D.; Obermaier, M. ELLA Guide: Improving Small Farmers’ Adaptive Capacity in Semi-arid Regions. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2011) 7 pp.