Latin American countries and corporations are learning that they need to
better regulate how land is accessed and used for extractive activities.
How have Latin American countries sought to achieve a balance between
extractive industry activities and sustainable land use? This Guide
considers this question by presenting and analysing different policy
responses related to land use and extractive industries in Latin America
today. It considers some of Latin America’s key policies, such as
environmental regulations, gaining social licence for land access, and
land use planning, among others.
* Countries can benefit by closely regulating land access and use for
extractive projects to avoid the social conflicts and environmental
destruction that unregulated competition over resources has produced in
the Latin American context. Land planning is a powerful tool for
regulating land access and use. The Latin American experience, however,
shows how emphasis should be placed on participatory implementation and
enforcement mechanisms, as these still need to be more fully developed.
* Adopting environmental provisions by both public and private sectors
has enhanced environmental regulations. Latin American states have
demonstrated a political interest in improving their environmental
standards, which has proven to be key to their adoption and effective
* State creation of reserved areas and private acknowledgement of no-go
areas for extraction can be regarded as a step forward in environmental
regulation. In Latin America, this has taken place not only on paper,
but in practice, and is helping to avoid environmental destruction in
ELLA. Accessing Land for Extractive Industries: Socially and Environmentally Sustainable Approaches. ELLA, Practical Action Consulting, Lima, Peru (2012) 8 pp.