Electrical penetration graphs from Nilaparvata lugens on resistant and susceptible rice varieties
The feeding behaviour of Nilaparvata lugens (Stal.) was electronically monitored on three rice varieties showing different levels of resistance in the Philippines, over an 8 h period, using a DC amplifier and a video-assisted observation method to simultaneously record honeydew production.
Six electrical penetration graph (EPG) patterns are described by their frequency and amplitude characteristics. Patterns 4 and 5 were associated with the production of two different types of honeydew; basic honeydew containing amino acids was produced during Pattern 4 and acidic honeydew with no amino acids was produced during Pattern 5. These patterns are thought to indicate phloem and xylem ingestion by N. lugens respectively.
Insects produced shorter periods of Pattern 4 on moderately resistant IR46 and resistant IR62 rice varieties than on susceptible IR22, although the time taken to produce the first period of Pattern 4 from the start of EPG recording did not differ between varieties. This suggests that N. lugens has the ability to initiate phloem ingestion on all three varieties, but that resistance mechanisms in IR46 and IR62 prevent sustained phloem ingestion, at least within the first 8 h of contact.
Kimmins, F.M. Electrical penetration graphs from Nilaparvata lugens on resistant and susceptible rice varieties. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (1989) 50 (1) 69-79. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.1989.tb02317.x]