This paper is the first in a series reporting a study on the effects of N fertilizer, green manure, and pesticide applications on the floodwater ecology of a tropical ricefield. Algal, zooplankton, and mollusc populations were monitored during a crop cycle in plots subjected to various methods of N management and different pesticide regimes. This paper presents the experimental design, general features of the statistical methods for data analysis, and the dynamics of algal growth in the floodwater. Transient green algal blooms and increases in floodwater dissolved O2 concentrations were observed after the broadcast application of N fertilizer 7 days after transplanting. These effects were less pronounced after the second N application 55 days after transplanting. Photosynthetic activity in the floodwater of planted plots decreased as the crop season progressed. Mucilaginous colonial blue-green algae proliferated in the zero-N control and unplanted plots, but were inhibited by the broadcast N fertilizer and green manure incorporation. Deep placement of urea supergranules reduced the negative impact of N fertilizer on blue-green algal populations. There was limited evidence that the application of pesticides promoted the development of blue-green algal populations in the absence of readily available N.
Simpson, I.C.; Roger, P.A.; Oficial, R.; Grant, I.F. Effects of nitrogen fertilizer and pesticide management on floodwater ecology in a wetland ricefield. Biology and Fertility of Soils (1994) 17 (2) 129-137. [DOI: 10.1007/BF00337745]