Effectiveness of market led development approaches in low and middle income countries: A Systematic Review

A systematic review and contextualisation of review findings to South Asia and Nepal


The primary review questions guiding the review are:

1. What is the effectiveness of market led development approaches among the rural and semi urban population in LMICs?

2. What are the factors which determine the success of different market led development approaches in subsistence and migrant driven rural economies?

An important objective of this systematic review was to apply the findings to a particular context – Nepal. The review indicates that the combination of interventions should be demand led backward linkages targeting with relevant and appropriate livelihood opportunities. It is suggested that rather than a generic prescription, efforts should be made to understand the existing supply chain in Nepal (for example, Non-timber Forest Products (NTFPs), eco-tourism, and seed production for high-yielding varieties), dominant players (for example, traders) and their linkages.

This report was commissioned under the Department for International Development’s Systematic Review Programme for South Asia.


Kumar, L., Balasubramanian, V. & Raghu Raman S (2016). Effectiveness of Market-led Development Approaches in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review Protocol. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, UCL Institute of Education, University College London.

Published 1 May 2018