Effectiveness of different classes of molecular marker for classifying and revealing variation in rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm

Abstract

We have examined the effectiveness of similar numbers of markers from four molecular marker systems (AFLP, isozymes, ISSR and RAPD) for revealing genetic diversity and discriminating between infraspecific groups of Oryza sativa germplasm. Each marker system classifies the germplasm into three major groups (most effectively with isozymes and AFLPs), but with differences (primarily with ISSR) between the precise classifications generated. However, at the highest levels of genetic similarity there was only partial agreement as to relationships between individual accessions when different markers were used. When variance was partitioned among and within the three subspecific groups, although the differences were not significant, greater variation was found among than within groups using AFLP and isozymes, with the reverse for RAPD and ISSR. Measurement of polymorphism using average heterozygosity and effective number of alleles gave similar results for each marker system. These results are discussed in relation to various genetic resources conservation activities, and the advisability of extrapolating to other sets of germplasm particularly of other crop species.

Citation

Virk, P.; Zhu, J.; Newbury, H.J.; Bryan, G.J.; Jackson, M.T.; Ford-Lloyd, B.V. Effectiveness of different classes of molecular marker for classifying and revealing variation in rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm. Euphytica (2000) 112 (3) 275-284. [DOI: 10.1023/A:1003952720758]

Effectiveness of different classes of molecular marker for classifying and revealing variation in rice (Oryza sativa) germplasm

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