This synthesis paper is one of a series that has been developed to
assist research managers use the key lessons learnt between 1995 and
2005 from natural resource research and implementation under the
Renewable Natural Resource Research Strategy (RNRRS), funded by the UK
Department for International Development (DFID). The aim of these papers
is to provide practical guidance to enable institutions and research
projects to incorporate these lessons into their current and future
The major lessons learnt were:
Policy Engagement: research teams need to identify and gain access to
the right political decision makers, which are problem specific, at
the most opportunistic times.
Policy Communication: one size does not fit all; promotion processes
must be carefully targeted.
Interdisciplinary and Intersectoral Requirements: natural and
political scientists should be included at appropriate stages of
project planning and implementation, as determined by local contacts
within the policy domain.
Culture and Policy: the variety of cultural dynamics means that local
political scientists must be included in the project team.
Long Term Nature of Policy Shaping: policy advocacy should not finish
at the same time as the fieldwork to achieve maximum policy reform.