Identify examples of effective methods to improve police performance in cities and regions in developing (but not post-conflict) countries.
There are few detailed case studies of cities or regions in developing
countries that outline effective methods for police reform. This is
mainly due to the lack of evaluation that objectively identifies certain
types of police reform as having improved performance. It is also true
that changes in performance may not be universally judged as an
improvement, reform that is effective in one context may not be so in
another, and police reform often takes place on a national, rather than
regional or city level.
The case studies identified in this study – from India, Mexico,
Colombia, Peru and Pakistan – suggest that the reason for improvements
in performance has not necessarily been the use of particularly
innovative reform policies. Rather there has been a political and social
context which has allowed improved practices to take hold. The
literature suggests the following to ensure effective police reform:
- sustained political and social support for reform;
- police leadership;
- adequate resources and/or low-cost measures;
- good systems of evaluation.
Rao, S. Effective methods to improve police performance in cities and regions in developing countries (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, (2012) 8 pp.