This background paper was prepared for the UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2010 - Reaching the marginalized. It identifies social inequalities in education in India and the extent to which they have narrowed during 1993-2005, a period of rapid economic growth. It considers attendance, dropout and completion rates. Section 1 is the introduction. Section 2 outlines the data and definitions of key variables, section 3 provides evidence on overall levels of attendance, completion and dropout, with recent trends, and breakdowns by sex, rural/urban location and community. Section 4 presents the main results of a model which decomposes community differences into portions explained and unexplained by the explanatory variables in the model, and section 5 discusses the results.