Volume 1 of this report examined local, national and international
interventions and initiatives aimed at promoting education and training
for the informal sector. These were situated both within and outside the
formal educational system. The information on which the report is based
was drawn from the extensive and constantly expanding literature on the
subject of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and
training for self-employment, as well as on the country studies
commissioned as part of this research project.
Chapter 1 describes the rationale for the study. Chapters 2 to 4 examine
in turn the three different sites for interventions aimed at the
informal sector (formal and nonformal education, post school and
out-of-school vocational training institutions, and the workplace or the
enterprise itself). In chapter 5 special note is taken of the problems
faced by girls and women in entering forms of really productive
self-employment, as opposed to situations in which the aims are barely
an improvement upon subsistence or survival work in the informal sector.
In chapter 6 some of the other elements that are often associated with
informal sector development are examined. In general, these may be
thought of as non-education or non-training-related interventions. They
cover items such as credit, technology or the enabling environment.
Clearly they need to be discussed; the impression might otherwise be
given that education and training on their own could have a direct
impact on informal sector development. Having reviewed the role of some
of these principal non-education and non-training factors in the
encouragement of selfemployment, the question of pathways that has been
briefly touched upon above is returned to, with attempts to illustrate
ways of thinking about interventions in the informal sector that may
take account of several quite distinct pathways.
A very significant part of the report is the bibliography. This draws
together a substantial listing of materials from different case study
countries, from donors and NGOs, and from research and policy centres
working on small enterprise and its connections with education and
The second volume consists of a series of four case studies on Chile,
Ghana, India and Kenya.
Educational Paper No. 11, DFID, London, UK, ISBN 0 902500 59 7 (Vol. 1); ISBN 0 902500 60 0 (Vol.2); ISBN 1 86192 090 3 (combined), 332 pp. [reprinted in 1997]
Education and training for the informal sector