Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation (EbA) involve the use of biodiversity and ecosystem services to help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. Those who are most vulnerable to climate change are often highly reliant on the natural environment for their lives and livelihoods, and ecosystems and the services they provide are already central to many adaptation strategies. This paper describes two components of effective EbA: ecosystem resilience and the maintenance of ecosystem services. Research assesses how effectively EbA supports community adaptive capacity and resilience at two Action Research for Community Adaptation in Bangladesh (ARCAB) sites. Findings suggest that more attention should be paid to EbA as an important response to climate change.
Reid, H.; Alam, S.S. Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation. Evidence from two sites in Bangladesh. IIED, London, UK (2014) 39 pp. ISBN 978-1-78431-119-3 [IIED Working Paper]