Geothermal energy development has recently become a popular topic in the
East African Region. The East Africa Geothermal Energy – Review of Donor
Initiative and Current Regulatory Framework provides updates on donor
activities and the development of regulatory framework for geothermal
energy in Rwanda, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda.
One of the main conclusions from this assignment is that there are a
number of donor activities in the geothermal sector in all four
countries. But the scale and significance of activity varies by country.
None of the countries currently feature donor assistance that appears to
holistically address geothermal development. However some countries,
Tanzania for example, appear now to be starting to consider a more
coordinated and strategic approach to potential donor assistance. There
does not appear to be much regional cooperation, for example to share
experience, approaches and models for practical geothermal development
and power investment between countries.
The status of geothermal policy and regulations in the four countries is
variable, as identified in the tables in this report. In addition, the
commitment of the government themselves varies. The Government of Rwanda
seems to be most committed to the development of the geothermal sector.
The Government of Tanzania is now more committed to geothermal, after
the speech from the new Minister of Energy and Mines that Tanzania has
to start diversifying its energy mix, and that geothermal is one of the
priorities. While the Government of Ethiopia and Uganda have shown
interest in the geothermal sector, their power sector focus at present
is mainly on the development of hydro generation and in the case of
Uganda responsibility for licensing and development is with the Ministry
of Energy and Mining that is more focussed on oil.
The Report is structured as follows:
-Section 2 provides updates on the status of geothermal sector
-Section 3 provides updates on the regulatory position of each country
-Section 4 provides updates on donor activities in each country
-Section 5 summarises some of the key conclusions from this assignment.
Economic Consultants Associated Ltd. East Africa geothermal energy: Review of donor initiatives and current regulatory framework. Evidence on Demand, UK (2012) 33 pp. [DOI: 10.12774/eod_cr.oct2012.ecal]