Drug discovery for human African trypanosomiasis: Identification of novel scaffolds by the newly developed HTS SYBR Green assay for Trypanosoma brucei

Abstract

Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a vector-transmitted tropical disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei. High-throughput screening (HTS) of small-molecule libraries in whole-cell assays is one of the most frequently used approaches in drug discovery for infectious diseases. To aid in drug discovery efforts for HAT, the SYBR Green assay was developed for T. brucei in a 384-well format. This semi-automated assay is cost- and time-effective, robust, and reproducible. The SYBR Green assay was compared to the resazurin assay by screening a library of 4000 putative kinase inhibitors, revealing a superior performance in terms of assay time, sensitivity, simplicity, and reproducibility, and resulting in a higher hit confirmation rate. Although the resazurin assay allows for comparatively improved detection of slow-killing compounds, it also has higher false-positive rates that are likely to arise from the assay experimental conditions. The compounds with the most potent antitrypanosomal activity were selected in both screens and grouped into 13 structural clusters, with 11 new scaffolds as antitrypanosomal agents. Several of the identified compounds had IC50

Citation

Faria, J.; Moraes, C.B.; Song, R.; Pascoalino, B.S.; Lee, N.; Siqueira-Neto, J.L.; Cruz, D.J.M.; Parkinson, T.; Ioset, J.R.; Cordeiro-da-Silva, A.; Freitas-Junior, L.H. Drug Discovery for Human African Trypanosomiasis: Identification of Novel Scaffolds by the Newly Developed HTS SYBR Green Assay for Trypanosoma brucei. Journal of Biomolecular Screening (2014) : [DOI: 10.1177/1087057114556236]

Drug discovery for human African trypanosomiasis: Identification of novel scaffolds by the newly developed HTS SYBR Green assay for Trypanosoma brucei

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