Recent research on feeding systems and livestock management of animals used for work (buffaloes, cattle, donkeys and horses) is reviewed, highlighting the need for integrating the animals effectively in farming systems as well as the contribution that draught animals can make to crop production in rainfed, mixed farming. Ways in which farmers can modify feeding and management practices to cope with the diminishing availability of grazing land, low quality forage and low feed supplies at the end of the dry season, and at the same time maintain agricultural productivity are examined. Some examples of management systems where animals are kept for work only, and for work and meat or milk production are described.
Pearson, R.A. Draught animals and their management - the future in rainfed agriculture. Annals of Arid Zone (1998) 37 (3) 233-251.