Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most widely grown legume crop after soybean, accounting for a substantial proportion of human dietary nitrogen intake and playing a crucial role in food security in developing countries. We report the ~738-Mb draft whole genome shotgun sequence of CDC Frontier, a kabuli chickpea variety, which contains an estimated 28,269 genes. Resequencing and analysis of 90 cultivated and wild genotypes from ten countries identifies targets of both breeding-associated genetic sweeps and breeding-associated balancing selection. Candidate genes for disease resistance and agronomic traits are highlighted, including traits that distinguish the two main market classes of cultivated chickpea—desi and kabuli. These data comprise a resource for chickpea improvement through molecular breeding and provide insights into both genome diversity and domestication.
Varshney, R.K.; Song, C.; Saxena, R.K.; Sarwar Azam; Sheng Yu; Sharpe, A.G.; Cannon, S.; Baek JongMin; Rosen, B.D.; Rar’an, B.; Millan, T.; Zhang XuDong; Ramsay, L.D.; Iwata, A.; Ying Wang; Nelson, W.; Farmer, A.D.; Gaur, P.M.; Soderland, C.; Penmetsa, R.V.; Xu ChunYan; Bharti, A.K.; He WeiMing; Winter, P.; Zhao ShanCen; Hane, J.K.; Carrsquilla-Garcia, N.; Condie, J.A.; Upadhyaya, H.D.; Luo MingCheng; Mahendar Thudi; Gowda, C.L.L.; Singh, N.P.; Lichtenzveig, J.; Gali, K.K.; Rubio, J.; Nadarajan, N.; Dolezel, J.; Bansal, K.C.; Xun Xu; Edwards, D.; Zhang GengYun; Kahl, G.; Gil, J.; Singh, K.B.; Datta, W.K.; Jackson, S.A.; Jun Wang; Cook, D.R. Draft genome sequence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) provides a resource for trait improvement. Nature Biotechnology (2013) : [DOI: 10.1038/nbt.2491]