The study is based on extensive background reading, interviews carried
out in Kathmandu during the week of 18 March 2013, and subsequent
discussions by email and telephone. The interviews were mainly directed
at multilateral and bilateral donor agencies, but also included
discussions with NGOs. With many aid agencies operating over a long
period of time, Nepal offers a wealth of experience on development in
conflict-affected areas and on peacebuilding. Many reviews have been
carried out of specific initiatives and of the wider context.
The main risks that are identified reflect the current post-conflict
context, characterised by unstable politics and low-level unrest rather
than overt war. Management of ongoing security risks is still necessary,
although the wider challenges encountered when trying to support the
ongoing peace process through development work emerged through
interviews as a still greater concern.
This case study is divided into two parts. The first part discusses
broad donor responses to risk in Nepal. This includes a profile of main
types of risk confronting donors in Nepal, analysis of how these risks
are reflected in donor programming, and explanations of these responses
to risk. The second and more substantial part discusses practical
approaches to risk management observed in Nepal. Four approaches are
highlighted in this case study including: (1) grounding strategy in an
improved understanding of contextual risks, (2) conflict sensitive
programming, (3) use of specialised services for risk management, and
(4) use of country systems.
Burke, A. Donor Approaches to Risk in Fragile and Conflict Affected States. Case Study: Nepal. The Policy Practice Ltd, Brighton, UK (2013) 35 pp.
Donor Approaches to Risk in Fragile and Conflict Affected States. Case Study: Nepal