This paper investigates whether provinces with violent conflict are more
likely to experience higher rates of chronic poverty. The location of
conflict areas in Mindanao was derived from Barandiaran (2002), while
conflict intensity, defined as the annual number of battle -related
deaths, was obtained from Gleditsch et al (2002). Following the findings
of Jalan and Ravallion (1998) that education and health outcomes are key
determinants of chronic poverty, the Human Development Index (HDI) and
the Quality of Life Index (QLI) are used as proxy variables for chronic
poverty. The HDI is a composite index of life expectancy, functional
literacy, and real per capita income. The QLI is a composite index of
number of births attended by a medical professional, underfive
nutrition, and elementary cohort survival rate. T-tests of means for HDI
and QLI were performed, comparing provinces with conflict and provinces
without conflict. Results show that provinces experiencing conflict have
ignificantly lower HDI outcomes relative to provinces that did not
experience conflict. Pooled results for the QLI also show that a
statistically significant difference between the means of provinces with
and without conflict exists.
Does violent conflict make chronic poverty more likely?The Mindanao experience, presented at Staying Poor: Chronic Poverty and Development Policy, Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, 7-9 April 2003. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 25 pp.
Does violent conflict make chronic poverty more likely? The Mindanao experience.