The Kenya Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) The
CT-OVC is the Government of Kenya’s flagship social protection
programme, currently reaching approximately 130,000 households across
the country. Its objective is to provide regular cash transfer payments
to families living with OVC to encourage fostering and retention of
children and to promote their human capital development. Eligible
households, those who are ultra-poor and contain an OVC, receive a flat
monthly transfer of Ksh 1500 (approximately US$20). An OVC is defined as
a household resident between 0 and 17 years old with at least one
deceased parent, or who is chronically ill, or whose main caregiver is
chronically ill. The programme is unconditional, although households are
informed that the care and protection of the resident OVC is their
responsibility for receiving the cash payment.
Prior to expansion of the programme in 2007, UNICEF and the Government
of Kenya designed a social experiment to track its impact on a range of
household and child welfare indicators. The evaluation design was a
location-randomised social experiment with a baseline household survey
conducted in 2007 and a 24-month follow-up in 2009. Within each of seven
districts across the country, four locations were identified as
eligible, and two were randomised out of the initial expansion phase and
served as control locations. The evaluation sample contains 2234
households, of which two-thirds are from intervention locations.
Kenya CT-OVC Evaluation Team. Does the Unconditional Kenya’s Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Have Impacts on Schooling? International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC - IG), Brasilia, Brazil (2012) 1 p pp.