This review of the published academic literature on internal and regional migration for domestic work in Africa and Asia shows a dearth of studies on internal migration for domestic work in South Asia, and both internal and regional migration for domestic work in East Africa and West Africa. The existing literature is heavily dominated by papers on the transnational migration of domestic workers from South East and East Asia which examine in detail the shortcomings of the legal framework for regulating working conditions and recruitment practices resulting in little protection for migrant workers against exploitation. The paper highlights the serious lack of attention paid to the impacts of migration for domestic work on poverty levels within families in source areas. This is a significant gap in the literature given that migration is usually a household decision in which one member migrates to access more remunerative employment and remit money home. The paper offers a number of suggestions for improving the evidence base on this important migration stream.
Priya Deshingkar; Zeitlyn, B.; Holtom, B. Does Migration for Domestic Work Reduce Poverty?A Review of the Literature and an Agenda for Research. Migrating out of Poverty RPC Working Paper No. 15. Migrating out of Poverty Consortium, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK (2014) 23 pp.