The microbiologic causes of bloodstream infections (BSI) may differ between HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients and direct initial empiric antibiotic treatment (i.e. treatment before culture results are available). This study retrospectively assessed community-acquired BSI episodes in adults in Cambodia according to HIV status for spectrum of bacterial pathogens, antibiotic resistance patterns and appropriateness of empiric antibiotics.
Phe, T.; Vlieghe, E.; Reid, T.; Harries, AD.; Lim, K.; Thai, S.; de Smet, B.; Veng, C.; Kham, C.; Leng, S.; van Griensven, J.; Jacobs, J. Does HIV status affect the aetiology, bacterial resistance patterns and recommended empiric antibiotic treatment in adult patients with bloodstream infection in Cambodia? Tropical Medicine and International Health (2013) 18 (4) 485-494. [DOI: 10.1111/tmi.12060]