This paper explores whether child labourers come from, not only the
poor, but also the poorest households in Bangladesh or not. The paper
also tries to explain what determines the participation of children in
labour force. A comparison has also been made between macro statistics
and micro survey in this respect. Data used in this paper are obtained
from the National Child Labour Survey 2002-03 as well as the 64-village
census plus survey 2005 conducted under the Programme for Research on
Chronic Poverty in Bangladesh (Phase II). A comparison between the
National Child Labour Survey 1995-96 and 2002-03 has also been provided
to analyze the nature and extent of changes in child labour over time.
The paper observes that there have been significant changes in some of
the important aspects of child population (e.g., gender differentials,
occupational choice, rural urban differentials, schooling options, etc.)
in the country and their participation in the workforce. The paper also
observes that higher proportion of child labour comes from land poor and
the poorest households. Household's education and occupational choice
also matter for child labour.
Do Child Labourers Come from the Poorest?Evidence from NCLS and 64-Village Census Plus, PRCPB Working Paper No. 11, Programme for Research on Chronic Poverty in Bangladesh (PRCPB)/ Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), Manchester, UK, 21 pp.
Do Child Labourers Come from the Poorest? Evidence from NCLS and 64-Village Census Plus, PRCPB Working Paper No. 11