This study is about Shia-Sunni confict and the postconflict restoration of peace in Pakistan. It sets case studies of the 'contested cities' of Jhang and Gilgit within a wider national and international framework, examining the historical roots of sectarian conflict, the trajectory and nature of the violence, and the restoration of relative calm. It argues that unless peacebuilding tackles the underlying dynamics of intra-religious conflict, it results in negative peace rather than conflict transformation.
Mohammad Waseem. Dilemmas of Pride and Pain: Sectarian Conflict and Conflict Transformation in Pakistan. Religions and Development Research Programme, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2010) 116 pp. ISBN 978-0-7044-2789-1 [Working Paper No. 48, Religions and Development Research Programme]