Dietary Intake of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Among Breast-feeding and Non–breast-feeding 24- to 48-month-old Children in Bangladesh
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the adequacy of polyunsaturated fatty acid intake by rural Bangladeshi children 24 to 48 months old in relation to their breast-feeding status.
Materials and Methods: Multistage sampling was used to select a representative sample of children 24 to 48 months of age from 2 rural districts in Bangladesh (n = 479). Two nonconsecutive 24-hour periods of dietary data were collected via 12-hour daytime in-home observations and recall. Breast milk intake was estimated using test weighing. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) method for episodically consumed foods was used to estimate distributions of usual food and nutrient intakes.
Results: Based on the estimated intake distributions, >95% of the children had usual fat intakes
Conclusions: Rural Bangladeshi children 24 to 48 months old, and especially those who have discontinued breast-feeding, may benefit from increased fat consumption.
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition (2011) 52 (3) 351-359 [doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182042bc8]