The Black Lion Referral Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
To document indications for admission, complications and outcomes of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) admitted between 2010 and 2013.
A descriptive retrospective study using medical files.
Of 8048 admissions, 523 (6.5%) had DM; of these, 418 medical records were retrieved: 301 (72%) patients had type 2 and 104 (28%) type 1 disease, with male sex (62%) and older age (median age 60 years) being features of type 2 disease. Main admission diagnoses for type 2 disease were diabetic foot ulcer (39%) and cardiovascular disease (21%); for type 1 disease, it was diabetic ketoacidosis (62%). Hypertension, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy and diabetic foot accounted for 85% of the 756 existing complications. Overall in-patient mortality was 21%. Of the 89 deaths, 77 occurred among patients with type 2 disease; the main indications for admission were diabetic foot ulcer/gangrene and cardiovascular disease.
DM, especially type 2 DM, is an important cause of admission to Ethiopia’s largest referral hospital. Many patients had already developed disease-related complications at admission, and mortality was high. There is a need to improve awareness about and care for DM in Ethiopia.
This research was supported by the UK Department for International Development’s Operational Research Capacity Building Programme led by the International Union Against TB and Lung Disease (The Union)
M. Gizaw, A. D. Harries, S. Ade, K. Tayler-Smith, E. Ali, N. Firdu, H. Yifter (2015) Diabetes mellitus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: admissions, complications and outcomes in a large referral hospital. Public Health Action vol 5 no 1, https://dx.doi.org/10.5588%2Fpha.14.0107
Diabetes mellitus in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: admissions, complications and outcomes in a large referral hospital