This report presents the outcomes of the DFID research strategy
(2008-2013) consultation in Ethiopia. The aim of the consultation was to
seek views regarding what research DFID should support to make the
biggest impact on poverty and on how research should be conducted for
maximum relevance and uptake. Representative individuals across
different key sectors (Agriculture, Health, Governance and Climate
Change) including both researchers and research users were consulted.
Key informant interviews, focus group discussions and a
multi-stakeholder workshop (held from 6-7 November 2007) were used to
gather views. Some 103 stakeholders drawn from Addis Ababa, Oromia and
Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples regional states were involved
in the consultation.
Stakeholders believed that in view of the large proportion of the
population engaged in agriculture and the low level of industrial
development, agriculture is a key sector that could accelerate growth if
given proper investment. All respondents stressed the need to transform
the fragmented and subsistence-oriented agriculture into a high
input-output, market oriented, commercial and mechanized agriculture.
Opportunities and constraints of the different sectors were considered
and the following research priorities were identified:
Livestock (breed, feed, health); high value cash crops, and crop
diseases and pests; optimum crop-livestock integration; validation and
integration of indigenous knowledge; post-harvest technologies;
marketing research; biotechnology; irrigation, soil and water
conservation; strengthening linkage between relevant actors, and
communication of available research findings.
Association between climate change and trends/incidence of diseases;
alternative health service delivery mechanisms and factors hindering use
of reproductive health services; malnutrition; traditional medicines and
knowledge; multi-drug resistance (TB, and others), and communication and
up-take of available findings.
Environment and climate change
Impacts of climate change and adaptation strategies; carbon marketing;
impact assessment of investments and industries; waste management and
use; impact of land policy and natural resource conservation; harvesting
run-off water; alternative sources of energy; communication and
utilization of existing information.
Improving the performance of civil service and impacts of the reform
programmes; effectiveness and limitations of existing policies, laws and
regulations; research into the judiciary system; improving coordination
and collaboration among different institutions; institutionalizing M
&amp: E; role and contribution of civil society and mass media; and
governance in relation to environmental protection.
Approaches to education expansion; improving quality of education
including quality of teachers training and curricula; developing
approaches for experiential learning; adaptation and adoption of proven
methodologies used elsewhere.
Technologies that can reduce women's workload; income generating
technologies; roles and constraints of women in different sectors;
harmful traditional practices; improving women's schooling and
participation in social, economic and political processes.
From the discussions on research implementation, a lack of mechanisms
to elicit demand for research was noted, together with a lack of
capacity among users to influence the research agenda, and insufficient
focus on national priorities. Involvement of relevant actors in the
whole research process would make it targeted and problem-oriented.
Inadequate communication of research findings was highlighted as a
problem, and it was recommended that donors should commit a significant
share of the research fund to communication and implementation of the
findings. The need to promote action research was emphasized.
Respondents indicated that establishing partnerships with local partners
would allow the pooling of resources, sharing of experience and
information, and coordination of efforts. They also identified the need
to encourage local partnership and enhance local innovation, as well as
to strengthen public-private partnership. It was emphasized that donors
should encourage local or nationally-grown initiatives, and should adopt
participatory, consultative and democratic process and procedures. Most
respondents stressed that donors/partners need to focus on capacity
building and empowering the national staff and local institutions.
Lack of capacity was seen as a problem across all sectors, and the need
for capacity building at individual, organizational and systems levels
in a systematic and strategic way was stressed. Areas identified for
capacity building included research methodology, evidence-based
policy-making, dissemination of information and new technologies, access
to information, and capacity building for women.
The appendices to this report comprise the consultation methodology and
the workshop report.
CABI Africa. DFID Research Strategy (2008 - 2013). Consultation - Africa. Country Report for Ethiopia. (2007) 64 pp.
DFID Research Strategy (2008 - 2013). Consultation - Africa. Country Report for Ethiopia