Zabrotes subfasciatus Boh. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) is the smallest of the bruchids commonly infesting stored legume seeds, yet its wild and cultivated hosts, Phaseolus lunatus and P. vulgaris, have large seeds. It is demonstrated that the maximum fecundity of females is around 55 eggs which are aggregated onto some of the available hosts. About 80% of the eggs normally hatch and development at 27 °C and 70% relative humidity takes around 34 days. The sex ratio of emerging adults is slightly biased towards males. About 75% of the larvae in a seed produce adults at low and moderate initial densities and up to 20 adults can emerge from a single seed. Adult weight is not influenced by the initial larval density in the seed but there is a strong correlation between the weight of females at emergence and their fecundity. These results are considered in the light of existing knowledge of Z. subfasciatus, much of which is apparently contradictory or inconsistent. Many of these difficulties are resolved and it is demonstrated that the behaviour and bionomics are well adapted to the normal situation in which the beetle is found and that the differences between this species and other bruchids are explicable in this context.
Dendy, J.A.; Credland, P.F. Development, fecundity and egg dispersion of Zabrotes subfasciatus. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (1991) 59 (1) 9-17. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.1991.tb01481.x]