Recent research has shown that the current land use system in South
Africa has not been fundamentally reformed since apartheid. This has led
to an overburdened state, reduced capacity and inefficiencies in
providing land to the poor. In general, land use opportunities for the
poor within cities continue to be exclusionary, over burdensome or
dysfunctional to pro-poor sustainable human settlement management.
Previous research has examined land use management and how it affects
access of the poor to residential and economic opportunities in major
cities. It is not clear whether the same issues would be faced by
smaller towns. This project aimed to examine several towns and the
municipalities in which they are located, in order to assess the extent
to which their current land use policies and practices enable
municipalities to provide the poor with access to well located land in a
sustainable manner, in an effort to integrate them effectively into the
daily workings of the town.
Six case studies were selected for this project:
Pietermaritzburg/Msunduzi, Rustenburg, Sasolburg/Metsimaholo,
Lusikisiki/Ingquza Hill, Ulundi and Dullstroom/Emakhazeni.In each case
study, site visits were conducted to interview key respondents, take
photographs etc. Two streams of information were required: one focusing
on the municipality's land use management policies and implementation
of these, and the other on the operation of the land market, both
\"formal\" and \"informal\". Satellite imagery and GIS data were used to
determine different types of settlement e.g. RDP housing, informal
settlements, traditional authority areas.
The report consists of four sections. Section 1 is the introduction.
Section 2 sets the groundwork for the detailed case studies. It
clarifies the concept of land use management and its importance to an
efficient, equitable and sustainable municipality. Section 3 presents
the key findings arising from these case studies, with comparisons being
made to earlier case studies of land management in five large cities
(Durban/eThekwini, East London/Buffalo City, Cape Town, Johannesburg and
Mangaung) and of integration in three cities (East London, Durban and
Johannesburg). Section 4 provides concluding comments and reflections.
Wendy Ovens and Associates, Johannesburg, South Africa, 38 pp.
Developing Integrated Towns: Key Findings - Urban LandMark