Determining Optimal Dose of Chemical Fertilizer on Biofortified Bean in Sud-Kivu Highlands

Optimal dose of chemical fertilizer to apply on 2 biofortified bean varieties used to maximize their yield

Abstract

Rational application of chemical fertilizer increases crop yield of biofortified bean. This study aimed at determining the optimal dose of chemical fertilizer to apply on 2 biofortified bean varieties used in the community in order to maximize their yield.

Following a split-plot design, a field experiment was carried out on CODMLB001 and HM21-7 varieties, in Kashusha (Kabare territory) in Sud-Kivu Highlands, after a strategic application of increasing doses of chemical fertilizer NPK 17-17-17. The doses were applied on the sowing day in a parallel gutter at 5cm from the sowing line. The germination rate, the number of days at both the flowering stage and the stage of physiological maturity, as well as the number of harvested crops and beans per plant, number of beans per pod, weight per 1000 grains and yield were observed. Positive and negative interaction between different increasing doses of chemical fertilizers regarding the two varieties were observed. This strategic application allows increased performance according to considered varieties and doses. For instance, the HM21-7 variety gave the best performance with the D5 dose, while the CODMLB001 variety did better under D2.

This work is an output of the HarvestPlus Programme. The Department for International Development is one of the main donors for HarvestPlus.

Citation

Clerisse, Casinga, Haminosi Ghislain, and Cirimwami Legrand. 2017. Determining optimal dose of chemical fertilizer on biofortified bean in Sud-Kivu highlands. Journal of Agricultural Science 9 (11): 128-133.https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v9n1p128.

Determining Optimal Dose of Chemical Fertilizer on Biofortified Bean in Sud-Kivu Highlands

Published 1 January 2017