Rapid and sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods are described for determination of the two 16 S rDNA subgroups of Ralstonia solanacearum, the causal agent of bacterial wilt. A third subgroup consisting of Indonesian R. solanacearum isolates belonging to Division II, the blood disease bacterium and Pseudomonas syzygii can also be identified. Primers were designed to sequences within R. solanacearum 16 S rDNA (equivalent to Escherichia coli 16 S rDNA positions 74–97, 455–475, 1454–1474), and the internal transcribed spacer region between the 16 S and 23 S rDNA genes. Different combinations of forward and reverse primers allowed selective PCR amplification of (a) R. solanacearum Division I (biovars 3, 4 and 5), (b) Division II (biovars 1, N2, and 2) including the blood disease bacterium and P. syzygii, or (c) amplification of Division II only except for five biovar 1, 2 or N2 isolates of R. solanacearum from Indonesia, P. syzygii and the BDB. A total of 104 R. solanacearum, 14 blood disease bacterium and 10 P. syzygii isolates were tested. Simultaneous detection of species and subdivision was achieved by designing a multiplex PCR test in which a 288-base pair (bp) band is produced by all R. solanacearum isolates, and an additional 409-bp band in Division I strains.
Seal, S.; Taghavi, M.; Fegan, N.; Hayward, A.C.; Fegan, M. Determination of Ralstonia (Pseudomonas) solanacearum rDNA subgroups by PCR tests. Plant Pathology (1999) 48 (1) 115-120. [DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3059.1999.00322.x]