Determinants of Educational Achievement in Kenya since the Introduction of FPE.
In 2003 Kenya introduced free primary education (FPE) nationwide. While FPE has succeeded in increasing the quantity of children enrolled in school, there is widespread concern that school quality has suffered - particularly in a subset of districts. We assess three common explanations for this alleged decline: (i) the failure of school budgets and staffing levels to keep pace with enrolment in some areas; (ii) changes in the composition of students; and (iii) the loss of local accountability as school management and funding has become centralized in the Ministry of Education.
in ‘Kenya: Policies for Prosperity’, eds. Adam, Collier and Ndung’u. [Forthcoming]