The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of smoking prior to and during pregnancy in Lebanon.
A cross-sectional study using two structured instruments. One instrument included information on demographic characteristics, smoking patterns in the index pregnancy and previous pregnancies, use of prenatal health services, stressful life events, and social support during pregnancy. The second was the Arabic General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Women who delivered in 11 randomly selected hospitals in Beirut and its suburbs within 24 hours were asked to consent to participate in the study. The total sample interviewed was 576 women.
The study concluded that policies and programs to eliminate or reduce smoking during pregnancy should be targeted toward young and less educated females and involving the spouse. Obstetricians should promote smoking cessation during pregnancy using evidence-based methods.
Chaaya, M.; Campbell, O.M.R.; Kaddour, A. Demographic and Psychosocial Profile of Smoking Among Pregnant Women in Lebanon: Public Health Implications. Maternal and Child Health Journal (2003) 7 (3) 179-186. [DOI: 10.1023/A:1025136421230]