The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and
determinants of smoking prior to and during pregnancy in Lebanon.
A cross-sectional study using two structured instruments. One instrument
included information on demographic characteristics, smoking patterns in
the index pregnancy and previous pregnancies, use of prenatal health
services, stressful life events, and social support during pregnancy.
The second was the Arabic General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Women
who delivered in 11 randomly selected hospitals in Beirut and its
suburbs within 24 hours were asked to consent to participate in the
study. The total sample interviewed was 576 women.
The study concluded that policies and programs to eliminate or reduce
smoking during pregnancy should be targeted toward young and less
educated females and involving the spouse. Obstetricians should promote
smoking cessation during pregnancy using evidence-based methods.
Chaaya, M.; Campbell, O.M.R.; Kaddour, A. Demographic and Psychosocial Profile of Smoking Among Pregnant Women in Lebanon: Public Health Implications. Maternal and Child Health Journal (2003) 7 (3) 179-186. [DOI: 10.1023/A:1025136421230]
Demographic and Psychosocial Profile of Smoking Among Pregnant Women in Lebanon: Public Health Implications