India is currently under-urbanized relative to her income level, leading to widespread expectations of large-scale rural-to-urban migration in coming years. Both future economic growth and the well-being of India’s citizens are likely to depend critically on how her cities function; however, urban areas already face serious issues of overcrowding and under-provision of basic services. This study aims to document the living conditions, inadequate access to public goods and transfers, and governance constraints faced by low-income households in a large Indian city, and identify contributing factors. The results are based on two sets of survey data collected in 2010 in Delhi, from slum-dwellers and officials of resident welfare associations in non-slum areas. The dataset provides new and actionable information on the living conditions, preferences, and level of political engagement of the urban poor. In addition, it will serve as a baseline for a randomize controlled evaluation of a set of interventions to promote better urban governance.
Abhijit Banerjee; Anjali Bharadwaj; Pande, R.; Walton, M. Delhi&#8217;s Slum-dwellers: Deprivation, Preferences and Political Engagement Among the Urban Poor (IGC Policy Brief). (2011) 4 pp.