Deforestation in Indonesia: A Household Level Analysis of the Role of Forest Income Dependence and Poverty.
The presentation investigates the factors associated with deforestation by small-scale farmers, and the factors associated with the Indonesian household's decision-making process with respect to forest clearing. The role of poverty; impact of forest income dependence; and effect of agricultural practices, are considered using data from a survey of 214 households in five villages in East Kalimantan. Results indicate that poorer farmers are more dependent on forest based income; poorer farmers are less likely to clear forests; there are no significant interdependencies between forest income and clearing; higher off-farm employment opportunities are significantly correlated with lower forest pressure; and shifting cultivators drive the relationships between the determinants of forest clearing, and interdependencies between activities.
Presentation at: ‘PEN: The Long Walk to Impact’, 4th PEN workshop, Barcelona, 8-12 January 2008, 15 pp.