This monograph is concerned with how children in poor countries can gain
access to good quality education. The basic thesis of the paper is that
financial barriers are the main reason for the failure of many countries
to provide education to their children. Financial barriers are of two
sorts. First, the cost to parents and children is often too high,
particularly when economies are in trouble. Second, public finances are
in most cases inadequate: however, the financial management of education
systems is frequently neither efficient nor effective, so that the
state's resources derived from taxes in many cases cannot finance basic
learning inputs which they would otherwise be able to do if those
resources were managed better.
Following the introduction, Chapter 2 considers the principles which
underpin cost sharing policies. The following two chapters consist of
case studies of specific countries (Ghana and Tanzania). The case
studies are not intended to be merely comparative studies only. They
consider various aspects of cost sharing according to the availability
of information and data and the nature of the issues facing the country.
They are not self contained, and each complements the other: the surveys
had different designs and their content has different emphases. The
final chapter summarises the issues and draws policy conclusions.
Educational Paper No. 27, DFID, London, UK, ISBN 1 86192 056 3, 141 pp.
Cost Sharing in Education - Public Finance, School and Household Perspectives