Please provide an overview of specific corruption challenges in small island developing states (SIDS), and specific challenges facing anti-corruption efforts in such places, with an emphasis on the Pacific region.
SIDS share a set of common characteristics that may challenge their long term development and anti-corruption efforts. Against this background and in spite of relatively well developed legal and policy frameworks, corruption is a significant challenge for Pacific island countries (PICs) and manifests itself through various forms of bureaucratic, administrative and political corruption. Natural resource management is considered to be especially vulnerable. Corruption risks associated with aid, offshore banking activities and transnational crime are also issues of growing concern across the region.
Chêne, M. Corruption challenges in small island developing states in the Pacific region. U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, CMI, Bergen, Norway (2010) 7 pp. [U4 Expert Answer 255]