The findings and policy implications of a study which used data from the 1998/99 National Family Health Survey from 16 states of India and 18 DHS data from sub-Saharan Africa conducted in 1995 or later, to identify the correlates of infant death in India and sub-Saharan Africa, are briefly presented. Child-level demographic factors associated with infant deaths were: the sex of the child, birth type (singleton or multiple births), birth order, and preceding birth intervals. Other factors included maternal age and education. The macro variables that are significant for the African models are: the per cent of the population who is poor, gross national income, the level of under-nutrition among children, urbanisation, and the level of the human development index. For the Indian models, the macro variables that are significant are: the percentage of the population not expected to live beyond 40 years and the ratio of female-to-male literacy.
University of Southampton. Correlates of Infant Mortality in India and sub-Saharan Africa. (2003) Opportunities and Choices Factsheet 34, 2 pp.