Considering risk contexts in explaining the paradoxical HIV increase among female sex workers in Mumbai and Thane, India

Qualitative study with interviews and focus group discussions with people associated with HIV interventions

Abstract

The period 2006–2009 saw intensive scale-up of HIV prevention efforts and an increase in reported safer sex among brothel and street-based sex workers in Mumbai and Thane (Maharashtra, India). Yet during the same period, the prevalence of HIV increased in these groups. A better understanding of sex workers’ risk environment is needed to explain this paradox.

In this qualitative study the authors conducted 36 individual interviews, 9 joint interviews, and 10 focus group discussions with people associated with HIV interventions between March and May 2012.

This research is supported by the Department for International Development’s STRIVE Programme which is led by London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)

Citation

Sunita V S Bandewar, Shalini Bharat, Anine Kongelf, Hemlata Pisal and Martine Collumbien. Considering risk contexts in explaining the paradoxical HIV increase among female sex workers in Mumbai and Thane, India. BMC Public Health 2016 16:85 DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-2737-2

Considering risk contexts in explaining the paradoxical HIV increase among female sex workers in Mumbai and Thane, India

Published 28 January 2016