This paper reviews the literature on: (1) the key conflict drivers (structural and proximate) in Mali, the principal actors and their positions, and the regional dynamics affecting the conflict; (2) international responses, including mediation efforts; (3) the outlook for peace (existing capacities for, and possible sources of, peace); and (4) recommendations for preventing further escalation and resolving the conflict.
There is a wealth of literature on Mali’s experience with periodic Tuareg uprisings and the subsequent peace processes. There is also a more recent body of analysis on crime and terrorism in the Sahel region. This literature review attempts to reflect relevant empirical and policy analysis together with more up-to-date commentary on the situation in Mali.
Shivit Bakrania. Conflict Drivers, International Responses, and the Outlook for Peace in Mali: A Literature Review. Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2013) 24 pp.