This paper explores in particular the notion of how difficult it is for competitors, especially smaller ones, to establish competitive harm or anti-competitive effect with respect to prohibited practices, which is where the competitor/competition paradox manifests. It is observed that under the South African competition regime, though the policy goals to protect small business and level the playing fields are apparent, the implementation of this may be limited by the application of a pure consumer welfare standard of assessing harm.
Manchester, UK, CRC Working Paper, No. 109, 30 pp.
Competition law and SMEs: exploring the competitor/competition debate in a developing democracy.